Introduction

1748
1750-51
1756
1757
1760
1761
1767
1769
1771
1774
1777
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1791
1793
1794
1796
1798
1799

Berkeley Springs

Washington
Heritage
Trail



ARCHIVE: GEORGE WASHINGTON MATERIALS ON BERKELEY SPRINGS AND AREA

Prepared by Jeanne Mozier
March 2002

Although he spent fewer than six months total time working and visiting in the area that is today Berkeley Springs, George Washington is a major figure in the history of the springs and town.

He was among the first visitors to the "fam'd warm springs" in 1748, '50 and '51 when the area was still frontier and part of the extensive land holdings of Washington's neighbor and mentor, Thomas Lord Fairfax.

Washington eventually owned land both in town and along the Potomac; he wanted to own more. During the mid-1750s and the French and Indian War, Washington was involved in pursuing the "enemy" -- native Indians -- around the springs.

In the 1760s, he visited several times with his family to "take the waters." Warm Springs or Frederick Springs as it was also called, was a popular resort among Washington's social group.

Along with members of his family, friends and colleagues, Washington purchased lots at the springs when the town of Bath was established there by the Virginia Legislature in December 1776.

In 1784, Washington visited, began a long association with steamboat inventor James Rumsey, and hired Rumsey to build a house for him at the springs.

Washington visited at least once during the 1790s and his properties in the area were included in his will. Washington died in 1799.

These archives collect many of Washington's writings, including diary entries, about his visits and dealings in Berkeley Springs and surrounding area so interested people can experience colonial and federal Bath in George Washington's own words. In addition, there are letters written to Washington related to his activities in Bath.

To actively follow in Washington's footsteps, journey the Washington Heritage Trail. A self-guided tour brochure is available at the Visitors Center at 127 Fairfax St. or online at www.berkeleysprings.com. "George Washington and Us" is a 70-page softcover volume of Washington's writings about Morgan County and surrounding area explained and put into context by prize winning mystery writer and editor of the Morgan Messenger, John Douglas. Copies can be purchased at the Berkeley Springs Visitor Center or available by mail for $8.95, plus $2.25 postage and handling.

This archival material was developed through funding from the National Scenic Byways program of the U.S. Department of Transportation and is available on www.berkeleysprings.com.

Source key:

GWD -- George Washington Diaries. 6 volumes. Donald Jackson and Dorothey Twohig, Editors. University Press of Virginia. 1979. A set of the Diaries is located in the Morgan County Public Library. All other collections are available in the Manuscript Room of the Library of Congress.

PGW -- Papers of George Washington. W.W. Abbot, Editor. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville. 1984

WGW/S -- Writings of George Washington. 12 volumes. Jared Sparks, Editor. American Stationers Company. Boston, MA 1837.

WGW -- Writings of George Washington. 14 volumes. Worthington Chauncey Ford, Editor. GP Putnam's Sons, New York. 1889.

WGW/F -- Writings of George Washington. 39 volumes. John Fitzpatrick, Editor. USGPO, Washington, DC. 1944.

Ferling, John -- The First of Men. University of Tennessee Press. Knoxville. 1988.

Freeman, Douglas Southall. George Washington. Charles Scribner's Sons, NYC 1948

NOTE: For Washington, and especially for James Rumsey, spelling, capitalization and punctuation were not of prime concern. To make it easier on contemporary readers, all three, for the most part, have been made consistent by this editor.